Chapter 2 first summarizes how European integration has set the stage for increased cross-border transactions. Next, it conceptualizes transnationalism, thereby distinguishing between macro-level transnationalism and individual-level transnationalism. Macro-level transnationalization, as captured by the KOF index of globalization (Dreher et al. 2008), is further distinguished into economic, social, and political dimensions. It is shown that there are considerable differences among European member states with respect to their level of transnationalization. Individual-level transnationalism is conceptualized as a tri-dimensional phenomenon, consisting of the dimensions of transnational background, transnational practices, and transnational human capital. The remainder of Chapter 2 presents the operationalization of individual transnationalism in Eurobarometer waves 65.1 and 67.1.
Keywords: free movement of goods, capital, services, and people, European citizenship, Erasmus exchanges, individual transnationalism, transnational practices, transnational human capital, globalization, Europeanization
Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.