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Receptions of Newman$
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Frederick D. Aquino and Benjamin J. King

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199687589

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687589.001.0001

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The Roman Catholic Reception of the Essay on Development

The Roman Catholic Reception of the Essay on Development

(p.30) 2 The Roman Catholic Reception of the Essay on Development
Receptions of Newman

Kenneth L. Parker

C. Michael Shea

Oxford University Press

John Henry Newman’s Essay on the Development of Christian Doctrine (1845) provided a coherent argument that attracted sympathetic responses from many Roman Catholics. His conversion, based on this theory, gave his Essay a compelling character. Previously, scholars argued that Rome resisted Newman’s developmental theory and that the theory lacked impact for more than a century. This chapter makes a different claim. It argues instead that Newman’s work received early and enthusiastic support from ultramontane leaders, influenced the dogmatic definitions of the Immaculate Conception (1854) and Papal Infallibility (1870), and remained influential—though muted—into the twentieth century. The theory later became instantiated in Vatican II documents and taught by Pope Benedict XVI. This chapter devotes detailed attention to 1846 and 1847, which sets the stage for the century and a half that followed. The latter portion traces out major milestones in Roman Catholic receptions of Newman’s theory of development.

Keywords:   John Henry Newman, development, ultramontane, dogmatic definition, Immaculate Conception, Papal Infallibility, Vatican II, Pope Benedict XVI

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