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Human-Wildlife ConflictComplexity in the Marine Environment$
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Megan Draheim, Francine Madden, Julie-Beth McCarthy, and Chris Parsons

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199687145

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687145.001.0001

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Understanding Social Conflict and Complexity in Marine Conservation

Understanding Social Conflict and Complexity in Marine Conservation

Chapter:
(p.3) 1 Understanding Social Conflict and Complexity in Marine Conservation
Source:
Human-Wildlife Conflict
Author(s):

Francine Madden

Brian McQuinn

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687145.003.0001

Social conflict and complexity in the marine environment present continual challenges to effective conservation. The physical, quantifiable, obvious expressions of human–wildlife and other conservation conflicts in marine ecosystems are often embedded in less obvious, more complex social conflicts between people and groups. Established efforts to understand these social complexities (and design appropriate decision-making processes) are advancing; but many prevalent stakeholder engagement processes fail to investigate and reconcile the deeper social conflicts that operate as wellsprings for protracted conflict in marine conservation. Conservation conflict transformation offers new tools for deeper analysis of the social drivers of conflict—a “do no harm” first step to help conservation efforts avoid escalating tensions, unintentionally reducing social receptivity to conservation, or deepening entrenched positions that polarize stakeholders—and principles, processes, skills, and strategies for preventing and reconciling conflict in conservation. The Human–Wildlife Conflict Collaboration (HWCC) has demonstrated the value of this approach across a diverse array of conservation contexts through conflict assessments and strategically designed and facilitated conflict interventions. HWCC’s capacity building is transforming how many practitioners in the conservation field address conflict. The chapter addresses current limitations in conservation capacity and practice, defines conservation conflict transformation, summarizes a model for analysis to orient the reader to the multiple levels of conflict, explores the sources of conflict commonly experienced in marine-based conservation, and offers clues to successful intervention.

Keywords:   conservation conflict, conservation conflict transformation, human–wildlife conflict, marine, stakeholders, decision-making, marine conservation

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