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Ascetic Pneumatology from John Cassian to Gregory the Great$
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Thomas L. Humphries, Jr.

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199685035

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685035.001.0001

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Led by the Spirit: Augustinian Responses to Pelagianism and Predestination

Led by the Spirit: Augustinian Responses to Pelagianism and Predestination

Chapter:
(p.71) 4 Led by the Spirit: Augustinian Responses to Pelagianism and Predestination
Source:
Ascetic Pneumatology from John Cassian to Gregory the Great
Author(s):

Thomas L. Humphries

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685035.003.0004

This chapter is the first of several which detail one pattern of the reception of Augustine which marks the 5th century. It argues that Pelagius offers something of an ascetic pneumatology, but that he never used it to his advantage in the controversy over his theology. Augustine, on the other hand, did wed his pneumatology to his response to Pelagius. Prosper of Aquitaine came to understand Augustine’s pneumatological response to Pelagianism only later in his life. While Prosper’s early position closely resembles Pelagius’s, his mature position developed an understanding of the human will as cooperative with the Holy Spirit. Prosper’s mature theology was not as influential as his earlier arguments. The chapter also argues that the Synod of Orange (520) adopts two canons that follow Prosper’s earlier Augustinianism.

Keywords:   Pelagius, Pelagianism, Predestination, Augustine, reception of Augustine, Prosper of Aquitaine, Voluntas Spiritalis, Synod of Orange

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