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Teaching EpidemiologyA guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine$
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Jørn Olsen, Naomi Greene, Rodolfo Saracci, and Dimitrios Trichopoulos

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199685004

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685004.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 08 December 2019

Medical databases

Medical databases

Chapter:
(p.475) Chapter 26 Medical databases
Source:
Teaching Epidemiology
Author(s):

Henrik Toft Sørensen

John A. Baron

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685004.003.0026

Medical database is a term that refers to all types of registries and databases that contain health-related data. Medical databases are increasingly used in epidemiology and are often the only feasible source for examining delayed health effects. Medical databases can thus be very useful for efficient study of etiologic associations and for the evaluation of the effectiveness and safety of medical interventions in clinical settings.This chapter provides some examples of important medical databases available for research and characterizes the three key elements of a medical database: (1) the study population, (2) the medical event, diseases, and other data, and (3) the organization of data collection and management. Moreover, the strengths and limitations of databases as data sources will be covered in addition to an overview of the assessment of data quality and other aspects of data base research.

Keywords:   epidemiology, registries, medical databases, strengths, limitations, data quality

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