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The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf$
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Raphael Espinoza, Ghada Fayad, and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199683796

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683796.001.0001

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Monetary Policy with a Fixed Exchange Rate Regime

Monetary Policy with a Fixed Exchange Rate Regime

Chapter:
(p.112) 6 Monetary Policy with a Fixed Exchange Rate Regime
Source:
The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf
Author(s):

Raphael Espinoza

Ghada Fayad

Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683796.003.0006

The GCC countries maintain a policy of open capital accounts and a pegged (or nearly-pegged) exchange rate, thereby reducing their freedom to run an independent monetary policy. This chapter shows, however, that the pass-through of policy rates to retail rates is on the low side, reflecting the shallowness of money markets and the manner in which GCC central banks operate. In addition to policy rates, the GCC monetary authorities use reserve requirements, loan-to-deposit ratios, and other macroprudential tools to affect liquidity and credit. A panel vector auto regression model suggests that U.S. monetary policy has a strong and statistically significant impact on broad money, non-oil activity, and inflation in the GCC region. Unanticipated shocks to broad money also affect prices but do not stimulate growth. Continued efforts to develop the domestic financial markets will increase interest rate pass-through and strengthen monetary policy transmission.

Keywords:   gulf cooperation council, monetary transmission mechanism, fixed exchange rate regime, interest rate pass-through, panel VAR

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