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The Predictive Mind$
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Jakob Hohwy

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199682737

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682737.001.0001

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Surprise and misrepresentation

Surprise and misrepresentation

(p.172) 8 Surprise and misrepresentation
The Predictive Mind

Jakob Hohwy

Oxford University Press

This chapter deals with a series of philosophical problems. Primarily, it is the problem of misrepresentation, namely how an account of perceptual content can make room for the possibility of misperceiving the world. This is addressed in terms of average prediction error minimization, and by appeal to notions of mutual information. The chapter delves into deeper issues about the possibility of rule-following and briefly sets out the rather radical way in which the prediction error account, in terms of free energy and the link to statistical physics, can begin to approach this problem. The chapter then situates the prediction error account within the classic debates about representation, as having both causal elements and descriptive elements. After briefly suggesting how such an account might speak to the content of conscious experience, the chapter finally describes which kind of response it would entail for the famous Chinese room problem.

Keywords:   misrepresentation, disjunction problem, mutual information, rule-following, causal theory of content, definite descriptions, conscious content, chinese room problem

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