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The Predictive Mind$
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Jakob Hohwy

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199682737

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682737.001.0001

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Action and expected experience

Action and expected experience

(p.75) 4 Action and expected experience
The Predictive Mind

Jakob Hohwy

Oxford University Press

The description of the perceptual mechanism has so far been very passive but in fact action is heavily involved in unconscious perceptual inference. This chapter first connects perceptual inference with action via the notion of active inference. An important part of this story concerns the idea that our model of the world includes representation of ourselves. Next, however, some issues arise, concerning the notion of self-fulfilling prophecies, and how surprise is bound under a model of the world. which prompt a more involved and challenging information theoretical approach. This second part of the chapter serves to show why action is so central to our fundamental understanding of why and how we engage in prediction error minimization. This is followed by an exploration of matters arising from this prediction error minimization take on action, including the relation between belief and desire. The chapter ends on a more general note, by summarizing the prediction error minimization mechanism and commenting on why the framework presented throughout Part I of the book is attractive as well as on what challenges it confronts.

Keywords:   active inference, information theory, self-fulfilling prophecies, desire, self-organization, homeostasis

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