Local and Global Contexts of the Praxis of Bioethics: ‘Transplant Tourism’ and ‘Altruistic’ Medicine
In this chapter, Chin criticizes the global ban on ‘transplant tourism’ and argues that promotion of this practice could be reconciled with transplant medicine, which is presumably based on the value of altruism. However, due to globalization and diversification of the practice of transplant medicine, an international consensus on an ethical issue has become increasingly difficult to obtain. Chin’s argument does not focus enough on the fact that, in this context of global bioethics, ‘transplant tourism’ has emerged as an area where a certain degree of harmonization between jurisdictions is an achievable goal. It is also suggested that altruism is too thin a term that fails to capture complexity of social lives. To localize bioethics, it is necessary to question not only the role of altruism, as Chin does, but also the concept of ‘altruism.’
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