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The Soldier in Later Medieval England$
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Adrian R. Bell, Anne Curry, Andy King, and David Simpkin

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199680825

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680825.001.0001

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The Men-at-Arms

The Men-at-Arms

(p.95) 3 The Men-at-Arms
The Soldier in Later Medieval England

Adrian R. Bell

Anne Curry

Andy King

David Simpkin

Oxford University Press

This chapter considers the military service of non-knightly men-at-arms (esquires) in the Hundred Years War. We investigate how important their contribution was to the English military effort. Using the databases, we question why men-at-arms served, how long for, whether they can be described as professional soldiers, or if they only served occasionally. We also look at the various theatres in which they served including expeditions on land, service at sea, and garrison activities. We investigate the terminology used in the documents, the ratio of men-at-arms to archers and how this changed over our period, and its relation to the requirement of the military strategy. How did men-at-arms contribute to military retinues? Were they able to progress in military rank?

Keywords:   men-at-arms, esquires, non-knightly, military service, hundred years war, professional soldiers, military rank, ratio to archers, retinue

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