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The Morphosyntax of Gender$
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Ruth Kramer

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199679935

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679935.001.0001

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A n analysis of gender

A n analysis of gender

(p.37) 3 A n analysis of gender
The Morphosyntax of Gender

Ruth Kramer

Oxford University Press

This chapter develops a morphosyntactic analysis of the Amharic gender system. The main planks of the analysis are that gender features are located on n, and that natural gender is an interpretable feature whereas arbitrary gender is an uninterpretable feature. The analysis successfully accounts for the Amharic gender system, including certain generalizations that previous analyses struggled with. The analysis also makes empirical predictions about the interaction between gender and other types of n in Amharic, especially the interaction between gender and the unusual n-based plural; these predictions are identified, tested, and shown to be borne out. Finally, the chapter develops further two key components of the analysis: licensing conditions and the interpretability of gender features.

Keywords:   gender, morphology, syntax, Amharic, natural gender, plural, nominalization, roots, licensing conditions, interpretability

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