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Identifying the EnemyCivilian Participation in Armed Conflict$
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Emily Crawford

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199678495

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678495.001.0001

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Private Military and Security Contractors

Private Military and Security Contractors

(p.151) 6 Private Military and Security Contractors
Identifying the Enemy

Emily Crawford

Oxford University Press

Chapter 6 examines the employment of private military and security contractors in situations of armed conflict. The use of private military and security contractors or PMSCs has contributed to a blurring of the civilian-military distinction that the modern law of armed conflict is built around, and creates its own problems for both those parties to a conflict who employ PMSCs, and those who find themselves confronting PMSCs and the States (or non-State groups) who employ them. This chapter explores the problems that arise regarding the use of PMSCs in war zones, analyses their status under IHL, and examines how their use creates significant problems for all parties in times of armed conflict.

Keywords:   PMSCs, civilian-military distinction, war zones, direct participation, hostilities

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