Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Shenggen Fan, Ravi Kanbur, Shang-Jin Wei, and Xiaobo Zhang

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199678204

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678204.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 25 May 2019

High sex ratio in China

High sex ratio in China

Causes and consequences

(p.490) 81 High sex ratio in China
The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China

Hongbin Li

Meng Lingsheng

Oxford University Press

The population of China is characterized by a significant sex imbalance that favours males. This chapter reviews studies of the sex ratio in China. These show that the increase in the sex ratio at birth in China resulted from a combination of a preference for sons, a decrease in fertility induced by the One Child Policy, and the diffusion of sex selection technology. The chapter discusses the concept of the One Child Policy and other factors which may have contributed to the gender imbalance, for example the spread of ultrasound technology. The biased sex ratio can also cause adverse social consequences which can be seen in areas such as women’s welfare, the marriage market, the savings rate, entrepreneurial activity, and consequently GDP growth.

Keywords:   sons, daughters, children, gender preference

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .