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Kant and the Creation of Freedom – A Theological Problem - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Kant and the Creation of Freedom: A Theological Problem

Christopher J. Insole


Kant actively struggles with the problem of how to conceive of God’s creative action in relation to human freedom. Kant comes to the view that human freedom can only be protected if God withdraws in certain ways from the created world. The two pillars of Kant’s mature philosophy—transcendental idealism and freedom—are in part shaped and motivated by Kant’s need to provide a solution to his theological problem. The medieval and early modern theological tradition conceives of divine action as unlike the action of any created being. When the creature acts, God directly causes this action, but wit ... More

Keywords: Kant, God, transcendental idealism, freedom, concursus, action, divine, creature, legacy, theology

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2013 Print ISBN-13: 9780199677603
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677603.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Christopher J. Insole, author
Senior Lecturer in Philosophical Theology and Ethics, University of Durham

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