The main goal of this chapter is critically to address from a comparative perspective some of the most important issues related to clause typing and the encoding of illocutionary force in Romance, covering such areas as the principal phonological, morphological, syntactic, and lexical correlates of declarative force, interrogative force, exclamative force, imperatival force, and optative/concessive force. Specific topics dealt with include: sentence typing and illocutionary force; declarative sentential force; declarative particles: Gascon; marked declarative particles; interrogative sentential force; polar interrogatives; intonation; inversion; from inversion to interrogative inflection or interrogative particle; marked VS orders; special inversion patterns; indirect polar interrogatives; partial interrogatives; new syntax of wh-interrogatives in null-subject languages; new syntax of wh-interrogatives in non-null-subject languages; multiple wh-questions; indirect wh-interrogatives; echo questions; question particles; imperative sentential force; affirmative imperatives; negative Imperatives; jussive/hortative subjunctive; exclamative sentential force; total exclamatives; partial exclamatives; wh-exclamatives; exclamative focus fronting; optative sentential force.
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