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The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages$
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Adam Ledgeway and Martin Maiden

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199677108

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677108.001.0001

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Standardization

Standardization

Chapter:
(p.634) Chapter 37 Standardization
Source:
The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages
Author(s):

Christopher J. Pountain

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677108.003.0037

This chapter surveys some of the principal issues involved in the processes of standardization which have affected Romance. It covers the emergence of standardized local orthographic traditions; the effects of standardization on phonological, morphological, syntactic, and lexical variation among different sections of the speech community; the role of academies; competing national and regional standards; dialect mixing; normative forces, and reactions to, standardization; written versus spoken language. Specific topics dealt with include: choice of a basis for the standard; identification with a geographical variant; literary standards; eclectic standards; polynomic standards; language names; the nature of codification; elaboration; support; acceptance; the challenge of change and diaspora.

Keywords:   standardization, codification, language names, polynomic standards, elaboration, acceptance

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