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The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages$
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Adam Ledgeway and Martin Maiden

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199677108

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677108.001.0001

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Inflectional morphology

Inflectional morphology

Chapter:
(p.497) Chapter 27 Inflectional morphology
Source:
The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages
Author(s):

Martin Maiden

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677108.003.0027

This chapter provides a comparative overview of Romance inflectional morphology of the nominal and verbal domains. It covers the distinction between roots, stems and inflectional endings; patterns of allomorphy; syncretisms; extended and cumulative patterns of grammatical exponence; suppletion; empty morphs and their distribution; the major distinctions between nominal and verbal paradigms; tense (synthetic future and conditional), aspect, mood (imperative and subjunctive), person and number marking on verbs; gender, number and case marking on nouns and adjectives; inflection classes (neutralization and creation)s; diachronic conservatism; cross-linguistic unity and disunity; non-finite forms; infinitives; gerunds; inflected non-finite forms; productivity.

Keywords:   inflection, person, tense, mood, number, allomorphy, inflection classes

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