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The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages$
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Adam Ledgeway and Martin Maiden

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199677108

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677108.001.0001

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Latin as a source for the Romance languages

Latin as a source for the Romance languages

Chapter:
(p.3) Chapter 1 Latin as a source for the Romance languages
Source:
The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages
Author(s):

James Clackson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677108.003.0001

This chapter investigates to what extent phonological, morphological, syntactic, and lexical features considered to be typical of Romance are anticipated in the Latin of different periods and registers (written, spoken, prestige/formal, low/colloquial, etc.). To this end, the chapter critically reviews documented diachronic, diatopic and social variation (both ‘from above’ and ‘from below’) in Latin phonology, morphology, syntax, lexis, and orthography to identify and evaluate those authentic aspects of variation and change which are relevant for our understanding of Romance developments. Specific topics dealt with include: the chronological and spatial scope of Latin; the definition of, and relationship between, Classical and vulgar Latin; changes in the vowel system from Latin to Romance; the development of the future tense; a number of case studies in the lexicon.

Keywords:   Latin, Romance, register, diachronic, diatopic and social variation, vowel quantity, articles, lexis

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