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Courts and ConsociationsHuman Rights versus Power-Sharing$
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Christopher McCrudden and Brendan O'Leary

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199676842

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676842.001.0001

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Consociations and consociationalism

Consociations and consociationalism

Chapter:
(p.1) 1 Consociations and consociationalism
Source:
Courts and Consociations
Author(s):

Christopher McCrudden

Brendan O’Leary

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676842.003.0001

This chapter begins by identifying four key elements that define consociations as distinct institutional arrangements. These are: parity through cross-community power-sharing; community autonomy; proportionality; and veto rights. Each of these four elements is necessary for there to be a classic consociation. In (full) consociations, there is power-sharing, autonomy, proportionality in representation and allocation, and there may also be explicit veto rights. In a semi-consociation, by contrast, some elements of consociations are present, but not others. Beyond Europe, semi-consociational arrangements have been adopted in Iraq, Fiji (in the past), South Africa (temporarily), and somewhat fuller consociational arrangements in the Lebanon. The discussions then turn to criticisms against consociationalism and the tensions between parity and proportionality.

Keywords:   institutional arrangements, power-sharing, community autonomy, proportionality, veto rights, parity

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