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International Approaches to Governing Ethnic Diversity$
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Jane Boulden and Will Kymlicka

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199676583

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676583.001.0001

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Trapped in the Liberal Peace

Trapped in the Liberal Peace

The EU’s Approach to Peacebuilding via Civil Society

Chapter:
(p.169) 7 Trapped in the Liberal Peace
Source:
International Approaches to Governing Ethnic Diversity
Author(s):

Raffaele Marchetti

Nathalie Tocci

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676583.003.0007

The EU’s involvement in conflict resolution is driven by its belief in the ‘liberal peace’ principle: peace is achieved through the consolidation of democracy and human rights. This has led the EU to pursue peacebuilding also by empowering local civil society actors. However, not all civil society groups are seen as worthy of support. Rather, the EU privileges those groups it sees as ‘civic’ in their orientation, focusing on individual rights, rather than ‘ethnic’ organizations or movements that demand collective rights. This chapter argues that EU experience to date has had limited success in this regard. There are two reasons for this: first, EU funding often leads to an artificial civil society disconnected to its citizens; second, and perhaps more importantly, the approach may at times exacerbate securitization.

Keywords:   EU, civil society, conflict, liberal peace, peace-building, human rights, democracy, civic groups, ethnic groups

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