This chapter investigates the development of diverse representations of the Flood hero, the last antediluvian rulers, and the antediluvian dynasties as a whole in various textual sources. Particularly, it explores the conceptual and literary processes and mechanisms by which several major strands of Mesopotamian literary traditions, most notably the Instructions of Šuruppak, the Sumerian King List, and the Isin‐Larsa royal hymnic compositions, contributed to, and were in turn shaped by, the development. In tracing the evolution of antediluvian traditions, this chapter unravels the complex historical development of, and relationship between, the major strands of literary traditions, which helps shed new light on our understanding of individual compositions such as the Standard Babylonian version of the Gilgameš Epic.
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