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Data Privacy LawAn International Perspective$
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Lee Andrew Bygrave

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199675555

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199675555.001.0001

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Prospects for Global Consensus

Prospects for Global Consensus

Chapter:
(p.205) 7 Prospects for Global Consensus
Source:
Data Privacy Law
Author(s):

Lee A. Bygrave

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199675555.003.0007

This chapter considers the chances of achieving greater harmonization of data privacy regimes across the globe. In the short-term, the chances of extensive harmonization are slim, partly because of the strength of ingrained ideological and cultural differences around the world. Despite continued calls for the adoption of a UN framework convention on data privacy or of an additional protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) Article 17, which would set out globally applicable data privacy standards, it is almost impossible to identify a sufficiently strong, dynamic, and representative body to broker such instruments efficiently. As for regional harmonization efforts, the track records of APEC, the African Union, and ASEAN have yet to be firmly established. Thus far Europe has been most successful in setting global legislative standards in the field, based on the fact that an overwhelming number of countries that have enacted data privacy laws have followed, to a considerable degree, the EU model as manifest in the Data Protection Directive (95/46/EC).

Keywords:   data privacy law, international law, harmonization, EU law

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