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Circular Migration between Europe and its NeighbourhoodChoice or Necessity?$
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Anna Triandafyllidou

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199674510

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674510.001.0001

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Circular Migration between Hungary and Ukraine: Historical Legacies, the Economic Crisis, and the Multidirectionality of ‘Circular’ Migration

Circular Migration between Hungary and Ukraine: Historical Legacies, the Economic Crisis, and the Multidirectionality of ‘Circular’ Migration

Chapter:
(p.141) Chapter 7 Circular Migration between Hungary and Ukraine: Historical Legacies, the Economic Crisis, and the Multidirectionality of ‘Circular’ Migration
Source:
Circular Migration between Europe and its Neighbourhood
Author(s):

Ayşe Çağlar

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674510.003.0007

This chapter analyses the circulatory migration patterns between Ukraine and Hungary in the context of historical legacies and the recurring changes in the border regime regulations between these countries especially in relation to EU enlargement. It argues that it is not possible to understand the (circular) migratory flows from Ukraine to Hungary without considering a) the regional specificities and historical ties whereby the movement of borders resulted in the presence of Hungarian minority populations in all of the neighbouring countries of Hungary; b) the place of these Hungarian minority populations within Hungarian national imaginary and state politics; c) the impact of EU enlargement and Schengen borders. Moreover, the changing volume and the composition of the migratory flows from Ukraine to Hungary draw attention to the profound impact of the 2008 economic crisis, which was felt severely in Hungary. The bipolarity and the directionality of the migratory flows are broken in the context of this crisis, the EU enlargement and the implementation of Schengen borders, and the persistent state politics of Hungary vis-à-vis its minorities abroad. The migratory flows between these countries are now multi-directional instead of following a bipolar circulatory pattern. The nature and the pattern of the current migratory flows between Ukraine and Hungary urges us to put the concept of “circular” migration and its distinction from other migration forms under scrutiny by addressing the questions of temporality and directionality of such flows.

Keywords:   circular migration, Hungarian minorities, multi-directional migratory flows, Hungarian border politics

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