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Circular Migration between Europe and its NeighbourhoodChoice or Necessity?$
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Anna Triandafyllidou

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199674510

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674510.001.0001

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Flexible Circularities: Integration, Return, and Socio-Economic Instability within Albanian Migration to Italy

Flexible Circularities: Integration, Return, and Socio-Economic Instability within Albanian Migration to Italy

Chapter:
(p.42) Chapter 3 Flexible Circularities: Integration, Return, and Socio-Economic Instability within Albanian Migration to Italy
Source:
Circular Migration between Europe and its Neighbourhood
Author(s):

Nicola Mai

Cristiana Paladini

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674510.003.0003

The majority of Albanians who have migrated to Italy since 1991 keep being ambivalently integrated and marginalised within and between the two countries, in relation to their legal status and their socio-economic needs and priorities more in general. For most, circulating is a way to achieve the migratory flexibility they need to negotiate their livelihoods between societies and labour markets characterised by the different opportunities, predicaments and degrees of socio-economic and political instability. Most Albanian migrants do not choose to circulate, but accept to do so in order to secure the sustainability of projects of settlement abroad and/or return home which are still not completed or which became unsustainable in the context of the global financial crisis of the late 2000s. For younger people and women, particularly if they are studying, oscillating between Albania and Italy is a way to reconcile the contradictory moral worlds brought together by their diasporic trajectories. It is also a way to try and bypass widespread dynamics of corruption and nepotistic access to the labour market and to introduce new work ideas and experiences in Albania.

Keywords:   Migration, Albania, Italy, Circular migration, Return, Labour market, Discrimination, Employment, Geopolitics, Stigmatisation, Policy, EU

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