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Monsoon RevolutionRepublicans, Sultans, and Empires in Oman, 1965-1976$
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Abdel Razzaq Takriti

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199674435

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674435.001.0001

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Constructing the Absolutist State

Constructing the Absolutist State

Chapter:
(p.194) 8 Constructing the Absolutist State
Source:
Monsoon Revolution
Author(s):

Abdel Razzaq Takriti

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674435.003.0009

This chapter discusses the construction of the absolutist Sultanic state in Oman following the July 1970 coup, arguing that absolutism resulted from deliberate British policy and actions. This chapter further illustrates that there was nothing inevitable about Qaboos’ absolutism. Indeed, there were several alternatives at the time, including a reformist constitutional vision. Yet, the way in which Britain engineered events and centralised power in Qaboos in the days immediately following the coup ensured the victory of absolutism over reformism. Rather than heralding the advent of effective economic management, the Sultan's reign was marked by a range of administrative problems as well as enormous financial wastage. Accordingly, 1970-1971 was not an annus mirabilis for Oman; it was in fact a period of missed economic and political opportunities.

Keywords:   Omani absolutism, Tariq bin Taimur, Omani economy, Omani state, colonialism and absolutism, reformist movement in Oman, Gulf constitutional monarchy, British policy in the Gulf post-1970

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