This chapter describes Brazil’s instrumentalist, yet still inchoate, approach to peace operations. It begins by providing the institutional and political context in which Brazil makes decisions about peace operations. This is followed by an overview of Brazilian positions on current trends in the evolution of peacekeeping practice, particularly norms of intervention. Subsequently, the prospects for continued Brazilian commitment to UN missions are assessed, followed by concluding lessons from the country’s lengthy experience in peacekeeping deployments. Brazil is likely to continue to follow an instrumentalist course in contributing to peace operations, participating where its presence showcases the exportability of its domestic political success stories and increases its global profile, and in ways which retain its general repudiation of the use of force and its preferred focus on development issues and civilian capacities.
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