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Legitimating International Organizations$
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Dominik Zaum

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199672097

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672097.001.0001

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Building the Legitimacy of the African Union: An Evolving Continent and Evolving Organization

Building the Legitimacy of the African Union: An Evolving Continent and Evolving Organization

Chapter:
(p.111) 6 Building the Legitimacy of the African Union: An Evolving Continent and Evolving Organization
Source:
Legitimating International Organizations
Author(s):

Walter Lotze

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672097.003.0006

This chapter examines efforts to legitimise the AU through three lenses: first, the evolution from the OAU to the AU; second, the institutional development of the AU, especially of its peace and security architecture; and third, the problem of financing its activities. It highlights how the change from the OAU to the AU was strongly shaped by legitimacy concerns and the expectations of both African states and publics, and external audiences, especially Western states. It discusses the establishment of an ambitious institutional structure especially in the security field to support the AU’s legitimacy claims, and highlights how its legitimation efforts have been constrained by a lack of substantive consensus on the scope of AU authority among member states, and the continued reliance on external funding to support legitimation claims through actions – especially the use of force.

Keywords:   African Union, OAU, legitimacy, legitimation, African peace and security architecture, Sudan, Somalia, Libya, Cote d’Ivoire

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