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Causation in Grammatical Structures$
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Bridget Copley and Fabienne Martin

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199672073

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672073.001.0001

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Event-structural prominence and forces in verb meaning shifts

Event-structural prominence and forces in verb meaning shifts

(p.372) 14 Event-structural prominence and forces in verb meaning shifts
Causation in Grammatical Structures

Anja Latrouite

Oxford University Press

This chapter investigates argument realization patterns in Tagalog and how they are influenced by the way Actor and Undergoer arguments are involved in the event expressed by the verb. In Tagalog, the nature of events, the properties of the participants involved, and the relation between them play a central role in the overall grammatical system. This chapter explores these influences on voice selection, voice restrictions, and changes in meaning and interpretation induced by Actor vs. Undergoer voice selection. While the voice affixes mark the prominence of an argument on a number of competing levels (Latrouite 2011), the present study focuses on the event-structural prominence of the subject. The chapter develops a notion of event-structural prominence, which will be used to explain seemingly surprising subject selection patterns as well as a number of meaning shifts observed with voice affixes.

Keywords:   argument realization patterns, subject selection, meaning shifts, event structure, properties of arguments, voice selection, Tagalog

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