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Merchants and ExplorersRoger Barlow, Sebastian Cabot, and Networks of Atlantic Exchange 1500–1560$
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Heather Dalton

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199672059

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672059.001.0001

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The Mediterranean Origins of an Atlantic Trading Network

The Mediterranean Origins of an Atlantic Trading Network

(p.25) 2 The Mediterranean Origins of an Atlantic Trading Network
Merchants and Explorers

Heather Dalton

Oxford University Press

The chapter looks at the family and guild-based relationships and merchant networks that brought Barlow to Seville and into the sphere of Sebastian Cabot. The Cabots were involved in Bristol’s trade and voyages of discovery, purportedly reaching the New Found Land or America in the same decade as Christopher Columbus. Relationships between medieval London and Home Counties merchants and their families, nurtured in wool-producing areas in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, resulted in close-knit trading networks extending beyond the British Isles into the Mediterranean and on to the Canary Islands and North and West Africa. These networks included Florentine, Sienese, Genoese, and Sicilian merchants who were involved in the sugar and slave trades. In aligning himself with this community, Barlow was at the forefront of the shift in focus from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic.

Keywords:   Roger Barlow, medieval London merchants, Cabot or Caboto, Christopher Columbus, Genoese merchants, Mediterranean trade, Bristol voyages of discovery, fifteenth-century European expansion, Atlantic slave trade, Canary Islands sugar

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