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International DevelopmentIdeas, Experience, and Prospects$
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Bruce Currie-Alder, Ravi Kanbur, David M. Malone, and Rohinton Medhora

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199671656

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671656.001.0001

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Women's Economic Roles and The Development Paradigm

Women's Economic Roles and The Development Paradigm

Chapter:
(p.116) Chapter 7 Women's Economic Roles and The Development Paradigm
Source:
International Development
Author(s):

Irene Tinker

Elaine Zuckerman

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671656.003.0008

For over fifty years, women's organizations have challenged the development paradigm, influenced development agencies to include women's concerns, and formed a global social movement that has altered gender relations throughout the world. Women were invisible in early economic development theory which was influenced by a prevailing developed world middle-class view. Limited research on women's lives in developing countries contributed to the false idea that women did not work. To challenge this social construction of gender, women scholars began to document women's economic impact. Activists argued that many development programs were adversely impacting women. Socio-economic transitions have been altering family structure and drawing greater attention to gender relationships. Demands for women's social and civil rights have been questioning the patriarchal structure of society. Today development agencies speak of equality; activists work to ensure that rhetoric is matched by expenditures and by greater women's political power, representation, and rights.

Keywords:   women and gender in development, social construction of gender, world conferences for women, global women's movement, caring economy, identity politics, electoral quotas

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