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Pathways to Industrialization in the Twenty-First CenturyNew Challenges and Emerging Paradigms$
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Adam Szirmai, Wim Naudé, and Ludovico Alcorta

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199667857

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199667857.001.0001

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Rethinking China’s Path of Industrialization

Rethinking China’s Path of Industrialization

Chapter:
(p.155) 6 Rethinking China’s Path of Industrialization
Source:
Pathways to Industrialization in the Twenty-First Century
Author(s):

Harry X. Wu

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199667857.003.0006

Economic theory can logically explain how a preindustrialization economy may grow out of its traditional or agrarian constraints, and hence start an industrialization process that will go through a sequence of stages as described by ‘stylized facts’ in textbooks. However, economic history shows that there has never been a universal path of industrialization among countries. One of the factors that make countries significantly diverge in their paths of industrialization is the role of state, that is, how and to what extent the government has influenced or intervened in the allocation of resources through policy instruments and hence has transformed and shaped the course of economic development. Though much has been written about the uniqueness of China’s industrialization, the literature still lacks an integrated view—conceptually as well as empirically—on China’s experiences with more than 100 years of industrialization prior to the market-oriented industrial reforms in the mid-1980s.

Keywords:   economic theory, economic development, industrialization, China, the state, policy

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