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Cross-Linguistic Variation and Efficiency$
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John A. Hawkins

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199664993

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664993.001.0001

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The conventionalization of processing efficiency

The conventionalization of processing efficiency

Chapter:
(p.73) 4 The conventionalization of processing efficiency
Source:
Cross-Linguistic Variation and Efficiency
Author(s):

John Hawkins

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664993.003.0004

Efficiency principles of the kind proposed in this book bring about variation patterns across grammars when they are ‘conventionalized.’ This chapter considers how such conventions come about. A key notion in this diachronic context is that of ‘grammaticalization.’ This term, as standardly used and understood, is extended to include the grammaticalization of syntactic rules within a formal grammar. The ‘adaptive mechanisms’ by which speakers implement new conventions in their grammars are discussed, with particular reference to language contact and different types of bilingualism, and the relationship between these and processing efficiency is defined.

Keywords:   adaptive mechanisms, bilingualism, conventionalization, grammaticalization

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