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The Arab SpringPathways of Repression and Reform$
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Jason Brownlee, Tarek Masoud, and Andrew Reynolds

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199660063

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660063.001.0001

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Limits and Legacies of the Arab Spring

Limits and Legacies of the Arab Spring

Chapter:
(p.211) 6 Limits and Legacies of the Arab Spring
Source:
The Arab Spring
Author(s):

Jason Brownlee

Tarek Masoud

Andrew Reynolds

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660063.003.0007

The uprisings of the Arab Spring were sparked by incidents of state violence against the people, which lit a powder keg of popular resentment that had been built over decades. A newly emboldened, technically savvy population mobilized in protest against the state more effectively than before. But resulting regime change stymied democratization, and persistence of authoritarian structures was rooted in the way Arab world states had evolved their state power and accession. The conclusion places the book’s theory of the events of the Arab Spring in relief against the political upheavals of the past: Latin America in the 1970–80s, Eastern/Central Europe of the early 1990s, and Sub-Saharan Africa in the mid 1990s. It also describes how the treatment of women and minorities speaks to the likelihood of democratization. Last, it muses on the future of the region and notes parallels between the Arab Spring and mid nineteenth-century Western Europe.

Keywords:   authoritarian structures, women, minorities, democratization

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