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The Powers of Aristotle's Soul$
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Thomas Kjeller Johansen

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199658435

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658435.001.0001

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The Importance of Nutrition

The Importance of Nutrition

Chapter:
(p.116) 6 The Importance of Nutrition
Source:
The Powers of Aristotle's Soul
Author(s):

Thomas Kjeller Johansen

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658435.003.0007

Nutrition plays a fundamental role in Aristotle's psychology, but not, as is sometimes thought, because it provides the focal or generic notion of life. Rather the nutritive capacity is a particularly clear example of the soul in its function as the nature of living beings. Aristotle's position contrasts with those of materialists who had used nutrition to argue that material causes were sufficient to explain life activities. He shows in DA II.4 how in nutrition the soul works as a efficient, formal, and final of life. The model status of nutrition as a final cause is demonstrated through the notion of participating in the eternal and divine.

Keywords:   nutrition, materialism, nature, life, focal meaning, final cause, formal cause, efficient cause

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