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The Right in France from the Third Republic to Vichy$
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Kevin Passmore

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199658206

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658206.001.0001

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Conservatives and the Popular Front (1936–1939)

Conservatives and the Popular Front (1936–1939)

Chapter:
(p.319) 13 Conservatives and the Popular Front (1936–1939)
Source:
The Right in France from the Third Republic to Vichy
Author(s):

Kevin Passmore

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658206.003.0013

The victory of the Popular Front in 1936 changed the context of conservative politics. The new government dissolved the leagues and created a corporatist industrial relations system, in which parliament mattered less than in the past. The Croix de feu reappeared as the Parti Social Français, which developed a three-pronged strategy. It formed its own trade unions to defend the workers within a ‘depoliticized’ corporatist system. It recruited female social workers to spread the Croix de feu mystique to the workers. And it reorganized for the electoral conquest of power. Yet the decisive role in defeating the Popular Front was played by the Radical Party, which, under Edouard Daladier, used executive rule and repression to defeat the unions and establish a new liberal version of organizationalism. However, the increasingly authoritarian right influenced government through the numerous ‘experts’ who advised it.

Keywords:   Fédération Républicaine, Alliance Démocratique, organization, Croix de Feu, La Rocque, Marin, Flandin, Daladier

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