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The Right in France from the Third Republic to Vichy$
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Kevin Passmore

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199658206

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658206.001.0001

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Fascism in France? (1934–1940)

Fascism in France? (1934–1940)

Chapter:
(p.291) 12 Fascism in France? (1934–1940)
Source:
The Right in France from the Third Republic to Vichy
Author(s):

Kevin Passmore

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658206.003.0012

Initially, the parliamentary and extreme right united against the Left, which had won the 1932 elections, and through the riots of 6 February 1934, they brought down the government. Once again, ordinary conservatives were disappointed with their leaders’ failure to profit from victory, and again they turned to the extreme right. A new league, the Croix de feu, promoted a ‘mystique’ designed to mobilize the masses, redefined competence to mean service in the trenches, and promised to bring a veteran elite to power, thus ‘reconciling’ the French people. This programme appealed to groups that considered themselves to be unjustly excluded from the political system: women, veterans, and Catholics. The league was part of the revival of popular politics on the Right.

Keywords:   Fédération Républicaine, Alliance Démocratique, organization, Croix de Feu, La Rocque, Marin, Flandin, Laval, Fascism, Nazism

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