Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
AssuranceAn Austinian View of Knowledge and Knowledge Claims$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Krista Lawlor

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199657896

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657896.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 November 2019

The speech act of assurance

The speech act of assurance

Chapter:
(p.9) 1 The speech act of assurance
Source:
Assurance
Author(s):

Krista Lawlor

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657896.003.0002

We start with Austin’s suggestion that we should compare ‘I know’ with ‘I promise.’ Assurances, routinely expressed with an explicit ‘I know’, offer an unlimited guarantee to one’s addressee. This guarantee can be understood in terms of the assurance giver offering exclusionary reasons to the hearer. This distinguishes the speech act of assurance from that of assertion. Alston’s theory of speech acts provides a framework for articulating the distinctive features of assurance. We find that assurance givers and receivers have commitments that they can shoulder only by appeal to a standard of reasonableness. As in the law, a reasonable person standard allows for coordination of judgments about the relevant normative commitments. Further, we find that a link between assurance-giving and knowledge is forged by the notion of reasonableness; the result is a reasonable alternatives theory of knowledge.

Keywords:   j.l. Austin, assurance, assertion, exclusionary reason, speech act, promise, reasonable person, relevant alternative, William Alston, Bernard Williams

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .