In their wartime art, a number of female artists presented a complex narrative of filial sacrifice in war that highlighted the considerable contribution made by women and emphasized the particularly painful nature of maternal bereavement. Importantly, these visual narratives tended to draw on religious rather than patriotic or national tropes, and many employed the figure of Mary, which offered a familiar and potentially comforting framework for wartime experiences. As a comparison with some examples of wartime art produced by German men will demonstrate, male artists contested and resented both the idea of martial motherhood and shared female sacrifice; some even blamed mothers for tolerating the conflict. These contrasting representations of the figure of the mother in war are rooted in gendered ideas about women's identities and wartime roles.
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