This chapter discusses the link between alcohol consumption and infectious disease. Alcohol consumption impacts on a variety of biological and social factors including general health, immune system functioning, socio-economic status, and the behaviour of a drinker that, in turn, lead to increased exposure to infectious agents, increased susceptibility to acquiring infectious diseases, and a number of complications slowing down recovery or even promoting disease progression. The most recent epidemiological evidence demonstrates significantly higher incidence and prevalence rates of the most common forms of infectious diseases in drinkers compared to abstainers, but especially high for heavy drinkers and alcohol use disorders.
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