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Reluctant WarriorsRepublican Popular Army and Nationalist Army Conscripts in the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939$
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James Matthews

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199655748

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655748.001.0001

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Militarization and Wartime Conscription

Militarization and Wartime Conscription

(p.14) 1 Militarization and Wartime Conscription
Reluctant Warriors

Matthews James

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the developments in Spain from the July 1936 coup until the implementation of conventional wartime military service within both Republican and Nationalist zones. It analyzes the different Nationalist and Republican routes to mass mobilization once it became clear to both that the conflict in Spain would become a drawn-out affair. Although the combatants of the first hour were often volunteers organized in mobile columns and ad hoc units, both sides quickly imposed conscription within their respective zones. While the decision to conscript was straightforward for the Nationalists, it was politically charged for the Republicans. Their goals, however, were identical – to increase the number of fighting men at their disposal.

Keywords:   militarization, conscription, mobilization, militia, volunteers, coup

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