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Blood of the ProvincesThe Roman Auxilia and the Making of Provincial Society from Augustus to the Severans$
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Ian Haynes

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199655342

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655342.001.0001

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The Captive Body

The Captive Body

Individual Recruitment

Chapter:
(p.94) (p.95) Chapter 6 The Captive Body
Source:
Blood of the Provinces
Author(s):

Ian Haynes

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655342.003.0006

Rome’s harvesting of provincial manpower was an unprecedented achievement with extraordinary consequences. Her exploitation of the ‘human resource’ of provincial manpower was as vital to the Empire’s longevity as was her exploitation of other natural resources. This chapter is the first of four to examine this achievement and explores the process at its most personal — at the level of the individual. It begins by underscoring the fact that the experience of recruits to the auxilia varied considerably. To do this, it takes two case studies, the first, examines the case of a high-ranking ‘recruit’ to the Thracian auxilia in the first century; the second, the case of a draft of men enlisted in an infantry regiment in Egypt almost a century later. Legal requirements and ideal notions of how constituted a good recruit are then discussed in the context of formative Roman ideologies of power.

Keywords:   Vize, Rhoemetalkes, enlistment criteria, categories of recruit, dilectus

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