The Auxilia under the Severans
If the Antonine Period was marked especially by external pressures, the reign of the Severan dynasty was moulded by the experience of civil war. The era witnessed dramatic shifts in fortunes: the rise and fall of cities, a rapid rise in the influence of the east, and a noteworthy enrichment of the soldiery. Tensions between the declining power of the Senate and the growing influence of the army became acute. A particularly important shift under the Severans came with the extension of citizenship to all the Empire’s free-born subjects. This chapter reviews the implications of these changes in relationship to the later development of the auxilia and culminates with a discussion of the military situation under Maximinus Thrax, an emperor believed to have started his career in a provincial ala.
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