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Blood of the ProvincesThe Roman Auxilia and the Making of Provincial Society from Augustus to the Severans$
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Ian Haynes

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199655342

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655342.001.0001

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The Formative Years

The Formative Years

From the Late Republic to the Death of Tiberius

Chapter:
(p.30) (p.31) Chapter 2 The Formative Years
Source:
Blood of the Provinces
Author(s):

Ian Haynes

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655342.003.0002

This chapter is the first of four which examine the development of the auxilia in the context of evolving structures of imperial power. It begins by noting the centrality of particularly Roman ideas about identity and incorporation to the creation and subsequent history of the auxilia. It then examines evidence for the character of auxiliary forces from the period of the Social War onwards. Particular attention is given to the way in which Augustus transformed the military legacy he inherited from the Civil Wars as he created a ‘New State’. The implications of the structures and terms of service for auxiliaries and their families are considered, together with their importance for our understanding of the formation of provincial societies in the early imperial period.

Keywords:   Asculum, social war, turma Salluitana, civil war, Julius Caesar, Augustan reforms, cohortes Voluntariorum, Varus disaster, matrimonium iustum, soldiers’ pay

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