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The Emotional Power of MusicMultidisciplinary perspectives on musical arousal, expression, and social control$
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Tom Cochrane, Bernardino Fantini, and Klaus R. Scherer

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199654888

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654888.001.0001

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Empathy, enaction, and shared musical experience

Empathy, enaction, and shared musical experience

evidence from infant cognition

Chapter:
(p.177) Chapter 14Empathy, enaction, and shared musical experience
Source:
The Emotional Power of Music
Author(s):

Joel Krueger

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654888.003.0014

I consider the relation between shared musical experience and basic forms of empathy. I draw upon studies from developmental psychology to show that music motivates early infant-caregiver interactions and supports rudimentary forms of interpersonal understanding. I stress the enactive character of this process and argue that shared musical experiences depend crucially on sensorimotor features of the animate body. To highlight their enactive character, I characterize such experiences as dynamic processes of (1) joint sense-making, enacted via temporally-extended patterns of (2) skillful engagement with music that are (3) synchronically and diachronically scaffolded by the surrounding environment. I treat these three aspects in turn, arguing that they collectively afford the unique sort of intimacy—empathy—possible even within early shared listening experiences.

Keywords:   empathy, intersubjectivity, phenomenology, emotions, enaction, developmental psychology, entrainment, music therapy

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