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Arabs and Empires before Islam$
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Greg Fisher

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199654529

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654529.001.0001

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Arabs and Christianity

Arabs and Christianity

Chapter:
(p.276) 6 Arabs and Christianity
Source:
Arabs and Empires before Islam
Author(s):

Greg Fisher

Philip Wood

George Bevan

Geoffrey Greatrex

Basema Hamarneh

Peter Schadler

Walter Ward

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654529.003.0007

This chapter examines the relationship between Arabs and Christianity in late antiquity, covering the patronage of the cult of St Sergius by the Jafnids (including an examination of a newly discovered mosaic inscription from Jordan), the links between the Jafnid family and the so-called Miaphysite Christians, and the arm’s-length association between the Naṣrids and the Christian faith. This chapter covers a range of literary, epigraphic, and material sources, including a consideration of the mosaic pavements from two churches linked with the Jafnids, and sections from the Ecclesiastical History of John of Ephesus, the Chronicle of Seert, and the Khuzistan Chronicle. The chapter concludes with a consideration of so-called Abrahamic descent (Ishmaelite identity).

Keywords:   Arab Christianity, church mosaics, Miaphysites, Chalcedonians, conversion, slavery, Jafnids, Naṣrids, John of Ephesus, Ishmaelite identity

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