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External Influences on EnglishFrom its Beginnings to the Renaissance$
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D. Gary Miller

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199654260

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654260.001.0001

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External linguistic input to English

External linguistic input to English

Chapter:
(p.228) 8 External linguistic input to English
Source:
External Influences on English
Author(s):

D. Gary Miller

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654260.003.0008

Several types of contact with multiple languages have left distinct traces on the history of English. This chapter reviews the evidence for and results of contact with Celtic, Scandinavian, French, Latin, and Greek. Although the types of contact differed, Latin and French primarily impacted the English lexicon and provided numerous affixes that entailed revamping of the morphological system. Celtic and Scandinavian also differed in the types of contact but impacted the syntactic structure of English. They differ in that Scandinavian alone contributed numerous lexical items. Greek influence on English was restricted to the lexicon, (limited) derivation, and compounding. Many of the remaining mysteries are also discussed.

Keywords:   English, Celtic, Scandinavian, French, Latin, Greek, syntactic structure, derivation, compounding

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