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Bourgeois Liberty and the Politics of FearFrom Absolutism to Neo-Conservatism$
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Marc Mulholland

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199653577

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653577.001.0001

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Cold War and the Fear of Subversion

Cold War and the Fear of Subversion

Chapter:
(p.216) 12 Cold War and the Fear of Subversion
Source:
Bourgeois Liberty and the Politics of Fear
Author(s):

Marc Mulholland

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653577.003.0013

Post-war Western Europe converged towards an American model of high-wage consumerist capitalism, considerably attenuating class conflict. In Western Europe, Christian democracy and Social Democracy cooperated in constructing a democratic constitutional order. In the Soviet buffer-zone states of eastern Europe, bourgeois civil society was eliminated slice by slice: by a sequence known as ‘salami tactics’. This was partly in reaction to the perceived Western aggression of the ‘Marshall Plan’. Western Cold Warriors – drawing the lesson that Popular Frontism was only a means to the end of totalitarian communisiation – characterised Communist ‘subversion’ as an endemic corruption of leftist movements. This was considered to be a particular problem in the under-developed ‘Third World’. Fearing both subversion and outright war, a gigantic ‘Military-Industrial Complex’ grew up in the United States, placing pressure upon that country's traditions of democratic and free-market civil society.

Keywords:   consumerism, Marshall Plan, buffer states, communisation, salami tactics, subversion, Cold War, third world, Military-Industrial Complex, Christian Democracy

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