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Bourgeois Liberty and the Politics of FearFrom Absolutism to Neo-Conservatism$
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Marc Mulholland

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199653577

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653577.001.0001

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Revolution and the ‘Dictatorship of the Proletariat’

Revolution and the ‘Dictatorship of the Proletariat’

Chapter:
(p.153) 9 Revolution and the ‘Dictatorship of the Proletariat’
Source:
Bourgeois Liberty and the Politics of Fear
Author(s):

Marc Mulholland

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653577.003.0010

The outbreak of the Great War was not immanent in capitalism as such. However, industrial militarism shaped its form, and capitalism became significantly ‘corporatized’ during its course. For Lenin, the war marked the point at which the progressive role of the bourgeoisie exhausted itself. The October 1917 Revolution spread the revolutionary gospel of soviets and the ‘dictatorship of the proletariat’, and the Communist international (Comintern) abandoned the parliamentarianism of pre-war socialists. The post-war revolutionary wave in Europe was significant, but its energies divided between the inspirations of Wilsonianism and Bolshevism. Majority opinion outside Russia was somewhat pro-democracy but against socialist transformation.

Keywords:   1917 Russian Revolution, soviets, communism, Bolshevism, Woodrow Wilson, Wilsonianism, Comintern, Democracy

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