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From Morality to MetaphysicsThe Theistic Implications of our Ethical Commitments$
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Angus Ritchie

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199652518

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652518.001.0001

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The Gap Opens: Evolution and our Capacity for Moral Knowledge

The Gap Opens: Evolution and our Capacity for Moral Knowledge

Chapter:
(p.40) 2 The Gap Opens: Evolution and our Capacity for Moral Knowledge
Source:
From Morality to Metaphysics
Author(s):

Angus Ritchie

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652518.003.0003

This chapter makes a prima facie case for thinking all secular moral theories which are ‘sufficiently’ objectivist will also generate an ‘explanatory gap’. The chapter begins with a discussion of natural selection and its role in explaining human cognitive capacities. It argues that evolutionary theory may well be able to account for human acquisition of that accurate beliefs about key features of physical reality and the principles of theoretical reasoning — even if these are taken take to exist independently of the sentiments, beliefs or social conventions of the perceiver. It goes on to claim that in the case of evaluative beliefs that the survival value and the accuracy of beliefs seem to come apart, creating the ‘explanatory gap’.

Keywords:   evolution, justification, perception, theoretical reasoning, moral knowledge, dawkins, dworkin, realism

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