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Hostages in the Middle Ages$
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Adam J. Kosto

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199651702

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199651702.001.0001

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The King's Ransom

The King's Ransom

(p.163) 6 The King's Ransom
Hostages in the Middle Ages

Adam J. Kosto

Oxford University Press

This chapter builds on the superb documentation for some of the most well-known cases of hostageship in the Middle Ages, namely hostages granted for the ransom and release of captive kings: Baldwin II of Jerusalem and Richard I of England in the twelfth century, Louis IX of France and Charles II of Naples in the thirteenth, David II of Scotland in the fourteenth, and James I of Scotland in the fifteenth. These case studies offer a density of detail that is often missing in other contexts. Draft treaties, lists of hostages, and safe conducts allow for a careful reconstruction of the social, political, and financial networks that underlay royal authority, and on which opponents knew how to draw in shaping guarantees.

Keywords:   ransom, captivity, Richard Lionheart, Saint Louis, James I of Scotland, David II of Scotland, Charles of Salerno, Treaty of Brétigny, Treaty of Canfranc, Crusades

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